Anambra State Universal Basic Education was established alongside other Education Boards in the federation sequel to 1994 Education Edict and named Anambra State Primary Education Board. The current name came as a result of the lunch of Universal freeBasic Education in the country by then head of state His Excellency General Olusegun Obasanjo (JCFR Retd) in the year 1999.
The Board has six (6) Departments namely: Administration Department, Academic Services Department, Social Mobilization Department, Accounts Department, Quality Assurance Department and Planning Research and Statistics/ Procurement Department.

In the year 2005 in a letter reference N0. ANHA/LAW/2005/09, the Anambra State House of Assembly enacted a law cited as Anambra State Universal Basic Education Law 2005.
The law amplified the 1994 Edict on the establishment, functions, powers, funds, legal proceedings and meetings of Anambra State Universal Basic Education Board. The laws are in consonance with the 1994 Edict.

To be educational agency committed to learners Excellency in academics and moral character with relevant life skills for a better society.

To promote effective teaching and learning in our basic education institutions through quality assurance indices and maintenance of discipline among staff and learners as well as provide quality curriculum instruction, child friendly curriculum instruction, child friendly learning environment (physical and aesthetical), for a solid basic education foundation.

The Board is saddled with so many responsibilities which includes:
Management of basic schools in the State;
Recruitment, appointment, promotion and discipline of teaching and non-teaching staff on grade level 07 and above;
Posting and deployment of staff including Inter-State transfers;
Disbursement of funds provided to it from both Federal and State Governments’ sources;
Setting up an effective and functional supervisory unit;
Retirement and re-absorption of teachers of teachers;
Undertaking capital projects;
Responsibility for the approval, training and retraining of teaching and non-teaching staff;
Assessment and funding of salaries and allowances of teaching and non-teaching staff based on the Scheme of Service (SoS) drawn up by the State Government;
Ensuring that annual reports are rendered by Heads of Schools on teachers’ appointment to serve under them;
Preparing testimonials and certificates of service for teaching and non-teaching staff whenever necessary;
Dealing with leave matters, including annual vacation;
Ensuring annual auditing of accounts; and
Performing such other functions as may be required to the Education Board by the Commissioner or the Commission.

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